Effective Tips For Buying Great Hiking Shoes

Going through the process of finding the perfect hiking boots for your needs doesn't have to be overwhelming. Whether you're a casual or serious hiker you need the right pair of boots to get you through your hiking trips.

Here are a number of tips to follow when you're deciding on your next pair of shoes for hiking:

1. Do you have a clear idea for how you'll be using these boots? This is an important question to ask yourself. There are boots that serve all types of purposes. You have to keep in mind the weather and the ruggedness and length of the trails you plan to travel. Also, the weight of the gear you'll be carrying is an important factor to consider.

There are four types of footwear from which to choose:

The casual boot. There are casual shoes that include sandals, running or cross trainers. If you're considering sandals, keep in mind that these are good for softer terrains where the weather is dry. A trail runner or cross trainer is very similar to a good pair of running sneakers but with the support a hiker needs for comfort and safety.

Cross hikers or mid-weight hiking boots. These are the classic hiking boots. They are made for trails that are less smooth and for some lighter off trail terrain. They have increased support.

Need heavy duty support? If so, consider off-trail boots. These are made with heavy wear and tear in mind. Their soles are cemented and they offer extra toe cap support.

Mountaineering boots: Mountaineering boots are made for mountain climbing.

2. Consider your skills. There are boots to accommodate all levels of skill. If you're a new hiker, there is a boot that offers strong support for your foot. This is great because it helps keep your feet more stable on the ground. As you gain experience you can shift to a lighter book.

3. Quality is just more important than price in this matter. If you're a serious hiker, you'll need to think about investing in a good quality boot. There are popular brands used throughout the hiking field, but brand is not all that matters either. Check out the stitching of the boot, as well as material connections. Check out the overall sturdiness of the material used throughout the boot as well.

4. Consider which boot will offer the best performance for your skill and needs. The characteristics of a boot will help you determine its performance. What does this mean? Well, for one it means that the weight of the boot matters. Overall, the lighter the boot, the easier it is to hike. Is the boot water resistant? Can it provide the support you need for your feet and ankles? These are all very important questions to ask when you're considering a new pair of hiking boots.

5. A good fit is essential to finding an effective boot. Here are a few pointers on making sure you've got the perfect fit:

Go later in the day to try on hiking boots and be sure you have been walking for at least 15 minutes beforehand.

Make sure to wear the socks you'll be wearing when you're actually hiking.

Avoid pressure points, and make sure you've got a snug fit that surrounds your foot and ankle.

Try on both boots of the pair, lace them up completely, and walk around in them.

Serious hikers know just how important it is to have hiking shoes be the best product and fit for their particular needs. When you have the right pair of boots on your feet, your experience on and off the trail becomes all the more exciting and enjoyable.

Robert Mann is an avid adventurer who has trekked on multiple continents, from the summit of Kilimanjaro to the windy peaks of Patagonia to the Everest Base Camp. He is creator of ecco ecco shoes, which is devoted to the world's best walking shoes.

The Many Benefits of Hiking

Not only is hiking a fun way to pass your time, it also has numerous benefits. Hiking is a cheap, fun, and natural way to, at the very least, improve your physical, mental, and emotional states.

Hiking is a fantastic workout. It consistently keeps your heart rate up and gives you an aerobic workout that will prevent the your chance of developing of heart disease, decrease your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, slow your aging process, increase your bone density, prevent you from catching a cold or flu, combat the threat of arthritis, relieve possible back pain, and provide you with a longer, better life, among other things. Regular hour-long hikes also increase your stamina, better equipping you to handle whatever situations you might encounter in your everyday life. Also, if you want to be more attractive to members of the opposite sex, hiking a trail on an incline is a great way to build up your leg and butt muscles.

Hiking also provides great mental benefits. Enjoying the abundant nature of the outdoors and clearing your mind of everything for the short time you are enjoying the physical exertion of a nice hike can provide important benefits to your psychological health. Hiking is also a relaxing way to get away from everyone and spend some time with yourself. A break from the emails and phone calls of the day can do you a great deal of good. Direct sunlight and fresh air has been shown to have an affect on the psychological states of human beings. After your hike, you are sure to have gained a new perspective and feel refreshed and ready to take on the world.

Do yourself a favor and take a hike!

Scott Amundson is an expert in hiking and biology who consistently writes compelling articles for Outdoor-Hiking.com. Scott's new book HIKE TO HEALTH offers readers a way to get more out of their lives with minimal effort. This plan is more effective at helping people to get healthy and feel better than any extreme diet of the moment, and the people who choose to use it can still eat everything and do everything that they want while having more energy and more focus!

Find more information about how HIKE TO HEALTH can improve your life at http://www.hiketohealth.com.

Trekking for Beginners - How to Get Into Hiking

The wonderful world of hiking lies waiting for you. Jump into hiking this year and experience natural wonders that can't be seen or experienced any other way. Hiking provides for a lifetime of memories, experience, increased fitness level and is something that can be enjoyed by the whole family. There is a social connection associated with hiking and stronger family bonds are created through this great sport.

Before you hit the trails assess your own fitness level. Then consult your local outdoor store for advice on local areas best geared for your first hiking experience. If you live in an area where hiking opportunities abound then your choices will be large. Pick a day hike depending on your ability anywhere from a couple of hours to a full day to get you started.

Also plan to go out in good weather. Don't make your first hike a wet, cold and windy experience, you may never do it again.

Some simple tips to get you started oncd you've chosen your first path to head out on.

Hike with a friend, family member or group.

Do a little light stretching before heading out.

Have a good breakfast in you and make sure you are well hydrated before you leave.

Pack along some good quality snacks such as nuts, dried fruit, dark chocolate, granola.

Make sure you bring along enough water or a water filtration pump if you know there is water along the way that you can access and pump from.

Trekking poles are fantastic if you've got them.

Bring along some layers of clothing in case of changing weather (never underestimate Mother Nature) including head gear, rain gear and warmth.

If you are using newer hiking boots break them in first before heading out and protect areas that might blister by covering them up before heading out with some soft padding. (Spongy cosmetic pads work great for this).

Do bring along a simple small first aid kit that contains the basics for treating minor injuries.

Depending on where you are heading out a compass or map would also be a great idea to bring along.

Bring along a camera to document your trek and the sights you will experience.

Most of all take it easy and hike at a leisurely pace. Listen to your body and take as many breaks along the way as you need to enjoy your day. Hiking is about the experience, the journey.

Happy Hiking!

Leanne Arnott invites you to read more articles about taking your family camping or going on a family hiking trip at http://www.family-camping-and-hiking.com.
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Best Lady Hiking Boots

For lovers of outdoor activities like climbing, outdoor fitness, short day hikes or adventure travel. When you are an outdoor fan, one of the most important gadgets you must have is a pair of best and right hiking boots that meet your personal preferences and requirements. The pair of shoes shall be comfortable to your feet, light, durable, supportive and provide great traction on rocks, roots and slippery surfaces. They must have plenty of rooms for your toes so that your feet will not feel tired even after a long day of wearing.

Before we decide to buy a pair of best lady hiking shoes for our needs, do check out what is out there in the market like what are the available brands that provide good bargain and quality. Good bargain for the price we are willing to pay and good quality of what we get. In the aspect of quality, they shall be made from carefully selected materials to provide maximize comfort, waterproof and maintain high levels of breathability during intense activities. Other than that, they provide good ankle support, arch support, comfortable, durable, flexible, great traction, keep your feet warm and waterproof. The boots shall also be best use under cold or extreme weather, day hikes, harsh terrain, heavy loads, light loads and wet conditions.

The materials that reputable brands use to make a pair of good hiking shoes are usually full rubber, leather, suede with Gore-Tax synthetic membrane to provide breathability and water resist and to keep your feet dry. The soles are also designed to ensure underfoot support, stability and traction on rough and slippery surfaces. The weight of the boots shall be light in general and at the height which your feet feel comfortable with good support. Some of the good brands in the market are Zamberlan, Vasque and Raichle.

Some hiking boots brand like Zamberlan does provide boots care accessories like 'Aftercare Kit', water based cream or spray, foot beds and laces. The 'Aftercare Kit' will include leather conditioner to keep the leather of the boots supple and extend their life span, one pair of round boot laces, and one premium, medium bristled brush for cleaning the leather upper. All these may come packaged in a lightweight nylon/mesh carrying bag for travelling conveniences. The boot care water based cream and spray are formulated to maintain and enhance the water-shedding properties of the hiking shoes to prevent split and rough-out leathers. With these readily available accessories and regular maintenance, the hiking boots will be in good condition for long period of time.

If you are an active outdoor person or even just for all time walking purposes, having a pair of best lady hiking boots is important to safe guard your feet and provide great support for a strong and healthy physical condition till your old age!

Cangeline is a hiking boots fan and sharing information about best lady hiking boots to help you to make good decision before you buy a pair of best and right hiking boots of your choice. Please visit the website for more information about best lady hiking boots like Zamberlan hiking boots and Vasque Hiking Boots .

Amateur Hiking Trails in The Great Smoky Mountains

The Great Smoky Mountains get their name from the ubiquitous fog that rises over the heavily forested peaks. The Smoky Mountains are in Tennessee and North Carolina. These mountains are a backcountry paradise, with opportunities for a variety of sports and activities. Hiking is a great way of getting into the mountains to explore and watch wildlife, birds and the great mountain scenery. If you are just starting out as a hiker and consider yourself an "amateur", there are many amazing trails that help get you safely into the hills while you build your skills.

Waterfall Trails

If watching the beauty of cascading water is what you want, look no further than the Toms Branch Fall trails. This is a modestly challenging trail, gaining slightly less than 50 feet of elevation over 6/10s of a mile. The trailhead is out of Bryson City, North Carolina. From the parking lot, follow the wide trail that parallels the river, going upstream. If you see a spot you want to sit and enjoy, take a load off on one of the many park service provided benches along the trail. The trail is an "out and back", meaning you retrace your steps once you get to the end of the line.

Another great waterfall trail for amateur hikers in the Smoky Mountains is the Indian Creek Falls. This trail is slightly longer and has a bit more elevation gain, but is still a great trail for amateur hikers. Use the same trailhead as the Toms Branch Trail, but when you get to the end, follow the signs towards Indian Creek. Total distance roundtrip is just under two miles, with around 200 feet of elevation gain. There are wildflowers a-plenty along this trail, with crested dwarf iris, beard tongue, cinquefoil, Jack-in-the-pulpit and wild geranium being among them.

High Country

If you want to get up to some of the peaks of the Smoky Mountains, yet still hike on moderate terrain, head to the Chimney Peaks Trail. This trail is four miles long, and has an elevation gain of 1350 feet, so there are some steep sections, but the trail is well maintained and you can take as many rests as needed. Get to the trailhead from the Sugarlands Visitor Center, as the trailhead is 6 miles south, via the road from the SVC.

This is among the more popular of trails along the Newfound Gap Road. Because of the two mile out, two mile in, it is easy and quick to get up to the high country and enjoy views of the Smoky Mountains. Wildflowers, forests and lakes are seen as you meander up and through the trail. Bring extra water and food, and expect the hike to take between three to five hours for amateur hikers. The Cherokee call this area "Duniskwalgunyi", which translates to "forked antler", a reference to the shape of the valleys and views of the peaks.

The Andrews Bald trail is found along the Newfound Gap Road and is another that gets you up and into the high country of the Smoky Mountains. Pick up the trailhead at the Clingmans Dome Road and head out onto the 3.5 mile trail. Gain 900 feet of elevation as you wind through the dense coniferous forests, lakes and peaks. Once at the top of the trail, enjoy views of the Smoky High Country. The trail is an out and back, taking approximately five to seven hours. Be sure to bring extra food and water, and a good camera as the photo opportunities are outstanding.

There are many more trails suitable for beginner and amateur hikers in the Smoky Mountains. Once you get a few under your belt, head out for slightly longer or more difficult trails and grow those backcountry skills in the heart of The Great Smoky Mountains.

With over 850 miles of trails to hike, there's no doubt the Smokies offer a tremendous amount of hiking opportunities. Sevierville Tennessee hotels offer a variety of outdoor activities too such as jogging, horseback riding or even fishing out of the Little Pigeon River. Knowing what Smoky Mountain lodging is all about are the hotels in Sevierville.

Hiking and Biking in Utah: Arches and Capitol Reef National Parks

The red rock country of Utah has been on my list for a long time now, since my visit to Sedona, AZ, a couple of years ago. We visited it over the Thanksgiving weekend (November end) and the weather was a bit chilly at night but we had perfect 40's during the day; had we timed our trip a little earlier, it might have been too hot for outdoor activities. Utah's sister state, Colorado, has icy roads by this time of year. Utah encourages RV vacations; just rent out a motor home, and live and cook in the National parks for a real 'nomad' experience. But for us poor graduate students, we had to be content with coming back to boring hotel rooms every night.

We wanted to explore a couple of National parks in Utah - Capitol Reef and Arches. Both of them have many scenic vistas to splurge your retinas with. The sun-drenched red rocks made for some spectacular photos, here, during sunrise and sunset. In Capitol Reef, we aimed to hike the cottonwood wash; we started on foot only to realize that we were not on the correct one. In retrospect, the starting points of the various trails were not too clear driving from highway 24. Many of the hiking trails here are along the slot canyons - narrow paths with towering red cliffs on either side - and you are "thermostated" naturally, just walking through them.

Mountain biking in Arches National Park is fun for everyone on downhill runs; the rest of the trail was a lot of puffing and panting for a few of us. Certainly not a sport for the faint-hearted! Nevertheless, the trails take you to the heart of the canyon backcountry where it could easily qualify for Martian terrain. The easy loop (Lazy - EZ) has some dirt allowing for grip but once on the rock (Bar-B) learn to trust your bike. We were out of the park at sundown and biked our way on paved roads back to the city. Shuttle services are available for transporting men and bikes but we opted to take it only to enter the park in the morning. It was a good decision, on hindsight, because the way back was simply cruising downhill on the old 191 highway back to Moab. Though refreshing, the sight of Poison Spider (our bike rental shop) was a huge relief at the end of strenuous day. And I love their free water bottles! Pile up on sunscreen and plenty of fluids and invest in a pair of padded shorts (Ouch!) before entering the park.

Apart from adventure activities, spending half a day along the park road can be worthwhile too. Many viewpoints including and of the windows section, turret arch and balanced rock are a short stretch away from the main road.

Torrey is a nice small town to stay in, if you want to explore Capitol Reef National Park. We landed on Thanksgiving Day and everything was closed except for one Rim Rock Restaurant run by a solitary guy who was scrambling between waiting the tables and cooking. Pizzas were a safe bet on the menu and they turned out well. Moab, close to Arches and Canyon Lands, is an awesome city to hang out and stay in. If I had had more time in Moab, I would have loved to rent a Hummer and drive inside the park.

In my opinion, the four landlocked states - Utah, Colorado, Wyoming and New Mexico - offer more genuine American experiences than the coastal cities of New York and Los Angeles. Long stretches of verdant countryside, crumpled snow-clad rocky mountains, boiling sulphur springs, a rich variety of wildlife, grand canyons and gorges, the snaky swift Colorado river... the list is long. Yet, rarely have I seen them on the itinerary of a standard tourist. Truly sad!

Swetha Sivaswamy is pursuing her doctoral degree in Atlanta, GA. When she is not in the lab, she likes to cook and travel. She has traveled extensively within the United States and India, although she finds that her list of places to go to never seems to shorten.

For more travel blogs by Swetha Sivaswamy, including great tourist destinations in the USA, click http://travel.sportingattitude.com.

Hiking Tents - Bringing Comfort Outside Your Home

Without a doubt, there are more and more people that are being hooked with the happiness brought about by hiking. Hiking is a fulfilling activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. This is a cheap way of spending vacations as well as long weekends. Moreover, this activity can lead towards a healthy lifestyle since hiking is a great form of exercise. To complete the fun, you can also get to see remote areas and discover the inner beauties of nature.

When you plan to go for a hike, it is necessary to arm yourself with all the important items that you might need during the hike. If you intend to go for an overnight trip, then bringing a tent is really vital. Hiking tents will serve as your protection for some factors that can transform your supposedly fun hike into a disaster. A decent tent can keep you comfortable and protected, and at times dry when a heavy rain comes in.

In choosing a tent, you should first determine what hiking style you embody. If you have experienced hiking for a longer period, then you should know that a lightweight tent can save you a couple of pounds in the overall weight of your things.

The fabric of the tent as well as the materials used can also add up to the weight of the item. A lot of tents today are double-walled, with a waterproof outer layer and breathable inner layer. This type of hiking tent can protect you from strong winds and heavy rains. However, these tents are much heavier compared to the single-walled ones. If you come in groups, then you can separate the pieces and split them among yourselves in order to lighten the load.

Tents with bright colors can also be helpful as they increase the visibility and lessen the heat emitted by the sun. You also want to be protected from insects and hiking tents can provide you with this. Also, you want to have good ventilation while inside the tent. Another consideration is the setting up of the tent, each one differs from the process, and therefore it is important to have a basic knowledge about this. During rough conditions, it is even more difficult to assemble one, so you have to be prepared always.

You also have to take note the internal space given by the tent. You have to create room for your sleeping bag and your personal things. If you want to store all your gears and stuffs inside the tent then you might need a tent good for two people. If you are hiking with a friend, then you should probably purchase a tent that is good for three to four people.

Make it a point that your tent is always dry. If in case it gets wet, then spread it out and let it dry. In the event that it is still wet when you got home then hang it up for drying. Keeping a wet tent will surely create mold.

Therefore, it is vital to choose the perfect one among the various hiking tents available in order to maximize the fun and enjoyment of your hiking adventure.

Find out more info about Best Hiking Tents with my top recommended Camping Tents in Australia and learn more from the Hiking Tents authority site here as well with www.besthikingtents.com.au.

Top Places to Explore When Hiking in Canada

If you want to go hiking in a place where you will find just about every stunning natural landscape you can imagine, you should look no further than Canada. Hiking holiday enthusiasts have been heading here for decades to explore the wild, rugged and beautiful terrain, but the problem you might have is deciding where to go. After all, it is a huge country and there is no shortage of options.

Here are a few of the best places in Canada to explore to help you make your decision.

Pacific Rim National Park Reserve

This reserve is a huge area, and within it you will find three different regions consisting of the Long Beach Unit, the Broken Group Islands Unit with over 100 islands, and the West Coast Trail Unit - a hiking route almost 50 miles long. Any area is well worth visiting, but the West Coast Trail is one of the most famous routes in Canada. Hiking holiday enthusiasts will traverse cliffs, through forests, along beaches and truly be able to see the country at its finest.

Dinosaur Provincial Park

This park is named as such because of the huge number of fossils that have been found here. But, even aside from the fossils, a trip to this park is like a trip to another world when you visit Canada. Hiking holiday specialists may be able to offer guided walks here, and lead you through incredible land features that have been shaped by the wind, the weather and time.

Cape Breton Highlands National Park

Nova Scotia is one of the most famous wilderness areas of them all; and at over 350 square miles it is a huge expanse of breath-taking scenery to explore. Comprising coastal trails and highland scenery, and taking in the Cape Breton Highlands National Park, this is an exceptional area to go hiking. The best feature of all is the Cabot Trail, one of the most well-known hiking trails in Canada, which goes right through the park. If you get a chance to hike this route then you are in for a real treat - and a swathe of photo opportunities unlike any other.

Canada: A Hiker's Paradise

Canada is a true wilderness paradise for anyone who wants to get out into the open and go exploring. Because of all the options available in Canada, hiking holiday fans will have plenty to choose from, but the above may help you to get a better idea of some of the best places to include on an intinerary.

Tony Maniscalco is the Sales and Marketing Manager for Ramblers Worldwide Holidays. Join us on a Canada hiking holiday to see scenic locations & landscapes at the best value prices. We offer over 250 guided group walking holidays in over 65 different countries.

An Essential to Pack for Your Next Hiking Trip

Paracord is a nylon rope, comprising a central core with a braided exterior. The central core provides the tensile strength, whilst the braided exterior provides protection against abrasion. In actual fact the central core is made up from several thinner yarns, each yarn made up of several individual nylon strands. Different manufacturers of Paracord vary the number of inner yarns and strands, genuine type III military standard Paracord has 7 inner yarns each made up from 3 strands.

A while back you could only buy Paracord from Military surplus stores, however today there are many suppliers on the market. Just ensure that if you are checking out Paracord for sale, that no other materials other than nylon are used in the construction and that the construction follows the above pattern and that the core is not made from bulk nylon fibre.

There is no actual specification for the diameter of Paracord, but it tends to be around 5/32 inch. Breaking strength can also vary dramatically; from around 95 lbs up to 750 lbs. Paracord 550 is named so, because it has a breaking strength of 550 lbs. Paracord is flexible, it takes a sudden increase in load well, stretches a little, and then returns to its original length when the load is released.

If you do anything outdoors you should always pack some Paracord in your rucksack or day bag. You can use Paracord as a line to dry wet clothes. Strip it down to make bootlaces or thread. Use it to keep your food out of reach of animals. Not just that, but Paracord projects include making grips for your knife or axe, as well as a multitude of other decorative and utility items like belts, lanyards and watch straps. Paracord comes in a multitude of colour combinations. You are sure to find exactly what you want for your needs.

Just a few notes about using Paracord:

If you are cutting Paracord, using a non-serated knife on a flat surface will result in less fraying of the ends rather than using scissors.

Always melt the ends of your Paracord to prevent fraying. Just hold a normal lighter an inch or so under the end until the nylon fuses to together. If you are preparing your Paracord at home then you can further secure the ends using heat shrink tubing, shrunk down with a normal hair-dryer.

Paracord is very flexible, always double-check Paracord knots.

Paracord absorbs water, so pre-shrink your Paracord before you use it for making utility items. Just soak in warm water for 10 minutes and then leave to dry on a flat surface.

Hi I'm Jim. I came across this amazing material a few months ago and was astonished at just what you could do with it. It really is worth getting hold of some. Here is a good website with a shop linked to Amazon best sellers offering Paracord For Sale. Hope to be writing more soon. Bye for now

Diabetic Foot Treatment While Hiking

It is always important to pay attention to diabetic foot treatment, especially when out walking or hiking. To make our feet able to withstand the mechanical stress and weight of walking, jogging or during movement, we need continuous coverage of soft and supple skin, good blood circulation and the ability to quickly recover from injured, dry or worn- out skin.

The diabetic population tends to suffer from poor blood flow that delays healing of wounds. Typically, untreated injuries and infections can develop into slow healhng ulcers, partially because of the decrease in the body's ability to resist infection.

Here are some tips for diabetic foot treatment, prevention, care and protection during hiking. The tips are intended for the general population, and especially for those suffering from diabetes.

Washing your foot every day is essential to prevent accumulation of dirt which can lead to infections.

Be sure to dry the foot completely - especially between the toes, which are sensitive to the accumulation of bacterial and fungal infections. You can use talcum powder containing anti-fungal ingredients sprinkling it on the foot and toes.

Prevent your foot from becoming dry or cracked by using lubricant ointments. There are preparations offering a variety of concentrations: for dry skin; very dry skin, and cracked skin.

For walking you should use shoes that are flexible, soft and airy in order to give the foot full support and protect it from external injuries or blisters caused from friction.

It is recommended to use cotton or special synthetic socks that prevent the absorption of natural sweat so as to prevent the development dampness and fungi on the foot and shoe.

Avoid tight socks that leave a mark on the leg and can disrupt normal blood flow.

It is possible sprinkle anti-fungal talc in the shoe to prevent the growth of fungus and bacteria.

Regularly cutting the nails (once a week) and professional treatment can prevent infections and warts. The nails have to be cut straight across and not rotnded to avoid ingrown toenails. Any itching or redness suspected as fungal should be treated immediately.

Among the significant risks of diabetes is the development of infection. The recommended treatment would be to use antiseptic foot wash soap, sprinkling talcum powder containing anti-fungal agents and applying anti-fungal medication.

Currently, a variety of over the counter anti-fungal diabetic foot treatment preparations are available. Some of them contain natural ingredients such as Australian tea tree oil. These drugs help to calm the skin, reduce redness and cure the fungus; therefore, they are excellent for diabetic foot treatment.

Avoid walking without shoes to prevent foot injury. All wounds should be treated immediately with daily monitoring until completely healthy.

It is recommended to remove shoes to air the foot during the breaks while hiking.

Foot sole thickening due to dryness may create cracks or deep grooves (especially in the heel). This dryness constitutes a substantial risk in developing foot infection which is a typical phenomenon when walking for long periods.

Today, diabetic foot treatment is based on innovative developments that are based on advanced technology which combines melatonin (a natural ingredient), an antioxidant (that accelerates the rehabilitation of the skin) and then combined with vitamins that are specific for diabetics. This combination helps in preventing and treating skin damage in the feet and reduces the risk of infection.

For those interested in the traditional treatment, you can always use old fashioned remedies that can be performed even during a trip: soak the foot for several minutes in a tub of lukewarm water and dry it while rubbing with a towel to remove dead skin.

For a diabetic in particular, the risk of eczema (an infection that may be created by scraping the skin and causing an open wound) is to be prevented. It is recommended to wash the foot with antiseptic foot soap and air dry.

Chaim Golz Is a retired Electronic and Computer Engineer. Most of his free time he is writing articles for his many websites. On his free time he is active on Nordic Walking http://www.walkingisraelis.com/ and Ham Radio with call sign 4x1cg.

Canada Hiking Holidays Around Niagara Falls

The quintessential Canada hiking holiday must include a visit (or at least a stopover) to the renowned Niagara Falls. Sitting on the international border of the Canadian Province of Ontario and the American state of New York, Niagara Falls is the second largest falls on the planet, after South Africa's Victoria Falls. Every year, 12 million tourists from across the globe converge to experience the sight of these wondrous cascading waters. A number of different hikes around Niagara will offer you stunning views of the falls.

Why choose the Niagara Falls on a Canada Hiking Holiday?

The composition and workings of the Niagara Falls are bemusing, and are bound to intrigue you on your Canada hiking holiday if you delve a little deeper. The word 'Niagara' is derived from the Iroquois Indian word 'Onguiaahra', which translates to 'the strait'. Niagara Falls is actually the collective name for the Horseshoe, American, and Bridal Veil Falls, which combine to form the highest flow rate of any falls in the world. With a vertical drop of over 165 feet, the cascading waters of the Niagara come from the four Upper Great Lakes -Michigan, Huron, Superior and Erie, which empty into the Niagara River. One fifth of all water in the world lies in the Upper Four Great Lakes. Once at the base of the falls, the water travels 15 miles over many gorges until it reaches the fifth Great Lake - Ontario. The land between the lakes forms a spectacular drop, known as the 'Niagara Escarpment' - it's approximately the same height as a 20-storey building! Two billion years ago this land was buried under a blanket of ice. Glaciers pressed down on it during the last Ice Age, leaving layers of sediment. Eventually, ice and water slowly eroded the surface of the escarpment.

Niagara Hiking Trails

Niagara has hundreds of kilometers of hiking trails that pass near the falls. The Niagara River Recreation Trail is the closest and most prominent route around the falls. It commences at Fort George in Niagara-on-the-Lake in the north, passing the famous Horseshoe Falls, and extending some 58 kilometres to the town of Fort Erie at the south end of the peninsula.

The Bruce Trail is the other significant route at Niagara, starting at Queenston Heights, taking a diagonal path through southern Ontario to Tobermory on the Bruce Peninsula. A Canada hiking holiday including these trails will introduce you to the timeless beauty of the Niagara Falls. Before the advent of film, the falls were the subject of many artists' work, but it's also been immortalised in films like Niagara (starring Marilyn Monroe) and Superman.

The charming appeal of the Niagara Falls has also made it a popular venue for honeymoons - so much so, that it's known as the 'Honeymoon Capital of the World.' It was first given this name after the daughter of former U.S Vice President Aaron Burr honeymooned there in 1801. Napleon's brother (Jerome Bonaparte) followed on his honeymoon in 1804. Other noteworthy visitors drawn by the charms of the falls include King George the V in 1939, and Princess Diana with Princes William and Harry in 1991.

Tony Maniscalco is the Sales and Marketing Manager for Ramblers Worldwide Holidays. Join us on a Canada hiking holiday to see scenic locations & landscapes at the best value prices. We offer over 250 guided group walking holidays in over 65 different countries.

Canada Hiking Holidays to the Rocky Mountains

Canada is the site of many great trails for various uses, including hiking, mountain biking and more. Its vast expanse and diverse topography make for scenic views wherever you go. In fact, Canada is home to some of the most beautiful, postcard-perfect mountain scenery in the world - concentrated in a set of seven parks in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Snow-capped peaks and burnished autumn leaves carpeting picturesque settings are some of the best-known images associated with a Canada hiking holiday.

So where are the best places to go for a Canada hiking holiday in the Rockies? There are four national parks to choose from - Banff, Jasper, Yoho and Kootenay - and adjoining them are three British Columbia provincial parks - Mount Robson, Mount Assiniboine and Hamber. Take your pick!

Banff National Park.

Built around the Cave and Basin Hot Springs, discovered in 1883 by Canadian Pacific Railway construction workers, Banff National Park is Canada's first and oldest park preserve. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site with a wealth of natural wonders surrounding the many trails. From short and easy hikes on gentle slopes, to long challenging trails along the jagged peaks, the region is perfect for your Canada hiking holiday. The landscape boasts glorious peaks and conifer-clad slopes, crystalline glacial streams and turquoise lakes, as well as the vast Columbia Icefield and the mystical Castleguard Caves. Banff National Park is also home to an assortment of wildlife such as elk, deer, sheep, black bears and grizzlies - so there'll be a lot to see!

Jasper National Park

Often called the glacial jewel of the Rockies, Jasper National Park, one of the country's oldest parks, was established in 1907, and offers over 1200 kilometres of trail for your Canada hiking holiday. With a wealth of campsites, cascading waterfalls, wildflowers and teeming wildlife - including elk, mule deer, bighorn sheep, wolves, wolverines and bears - Jasper National Park is one of the largest protected ecosystems in Canada and the perfect getaway from city life. Visitors will enjoy the Dark Sky Preserve- a place to forget all about the city lights and enjoy the magical beauty of nature.

Kootenay National Park

Located in the southwestern region of the Canadian Rockies, Kootenay, established in 1920, is the epitome of diversity. You can see glacial peaks along with semi-arid, cactus-covered grasslands all on the same leg of your Canada hiking holiday! The site of the famed Radium Hot Springs, it is a great place to enjoy the many colors of the nature and culture of Canada: from the green new pine forests, crystal blue glacial waters, rust and ochre mineral pools and beds of the Paint Pots- and of course, the white shaggy mountain goats that are the park's symbol.

Yoho National Park

With rock walls, glacial lakes, cascading waterfalls, snow-topped mountain peaks, and roaring rivers, Yoho National Park is aptly named: after the Cree word expressing awe. The site of Burgess Shalev is one of the world's most significant finds of soft-bodied, Middle Cambrian-age marine fossils. There are around 150 species, including some bearing no resemblance to known animals, and dating back 515 million years. Yoho's trails offer many surprises for your Canada hiking holiday- both historic and prehistoric.

Tony Maniscalco is the Sales and Marketing Manager for Ramblers Worldwide Holidays. For walking holidays Peru is a fascinating destination. Join us to experience scenic locations & landscapes at the best value pricds. We offer over 250 guided group walking holidays in over 65 different countries.

Animals to Look Out for When Hiking in Canada

Canada is a hiker's paradise, there's no doubt about it. But aside from the stunning landscapes featuring mountains, glaciers, ravines, coastlines and just about everything else you could imagine, there are also plenty of fascinating wild animals to try and spot during your time in Canada. Hiking holiday enthusiasts heading off on a guided walk may want to keep a close eye out for these ones below.

Polar Bears

Polar bears have a fearsome reputation, so you'd do well to keep your distance if you do spot one! These majestic creatures live in the Arctic Circle so you'll have to venture north to see them, and you may find guided walks that are dedicated to spotting them. Threatened by global warming and the receding ice at the North Pole, there are real worries that polar bears may face serious survival problems in the future. If you can, get to see them now before it's too late.


Beavers are large rodents famous for their dam-making, and although they are considered pests by some due to their efficiency at felling trees, they are a special animal and one to look out for. Beavers are found all over North America, so there is a good chance you may see some of these quirky creatures when you visit Canada. Hiking holiday specialists may even be able to take you to places where they know there is a good chance of spotting one.

Grizzly Bears

Another bear you don't want to get too close to is the grizzly bear. Bear safety has to be taken seriously when in Canada, so if you do come across one of these then keep your distance. Grizzly bears hunt for salmon and are often found around streams and rivers, but your best bet for seeing one may be on a guided walk with seasoned animal experts.


Moose are still fairly common in these parts so there is a good chance you may be able to see one while in Canada. Hiking holiday organisers will normally advise you not to get too close to these large creatures, so always be sensible. Although they are not as dangerous as grizzlies and polar bears it doesn't pay to take chances. Moose are solitary so you are more likely to see them alone, apart from during the mating season during the autumn. Again, make sure you keep your distance as this is also the time when the males start to fight.

Look Out for These Animals

The above comprise just a small selection of the animals that you may encounter when you head off for a trip to Canada. Hiking holiday enthusiasts should definitely keep an eye out for them in the wilds of Canada, and you may get lucky - but just remember to always be respectful of the animals and to never get too close.

Tony Maniscalco is the Sales and Marketing Manager for Ramblers Worldwide Holidays. Join us on a Canada hiking holiday to see scenic locations & landscapes at the best value prices. We offer over 250 guided group walking holidays in over 65 different countries.

Hiking Tents: Outdoor Home For Hikers

Hiking has been an activity that many people enjoy doing even from way back. This is because this is exciting, healthy and challenging. People would form groups so that they can go hiking and spend days in the wild. This is when people find it very challenging and have the need to survive. But more than this, they also need to hike up all the way to their destination which makes it even more exciting and very healthy for the body. Aside from endurance and agility, the hikers will also need to make sure that they have all the equipments that they needed to survive their outdoor challenge. One of the most important equipments is the hiking tents.

Hiking tents are one's temporary home while being out in the outdoors. The outdoors has lots of elements that humans may not be able to handle properly. This may give harm or danger to humans. And with the use of hiking tents, hikers will somehow have a safe place to rest and sleep in. Tents these days are very durable as people may use it even for many days in the outdoors. They do not need to worry about the ability of the tent to protect them as these products are now made stronger and useful for hikers and campers.

If you are going out with a group of campers, you can just take a large tent so that you can all stay in one place together. Large tents can also provide enough space for all the equipments and things that a camper or hiker will need to bring along. Tents are also waterproof so that everyone and everything will stay dry and safe all throughout their hiking trip. Best of all, modern day tents are very lightweight that campers and hikers will not have a difficult time carrying it all throughout their hike.

There are now many different types and styles of tent that campers and outdoor enthusiasts can choose from. There are even those that are made in different materials. There are also different sizes and shapes to choose from depending on the needs of the person who will use it. When one chooses for a hiking tent, they should always consider their needs and preferences. Their activities will also help them determine the type of tent that they should have. Keep in mind that the tent should be appropriate for the activities done during hiking or camping. This will lengthen the life of the tent and other equipments used for the activity.

It is also better to choose from the more popular brands so that you can be sure of its quality and reputation. Make sure that you inspect it first before purchasing it so that you can get the best value for your money. Hiking tents will always be an important part of an outdoor activity. Choosing the right one can definitely provide one with the best hiking experience ever.

Find out more info about Best Hiking Tents with my top recommended Camping Tents in Australia and learn more from the Hiking Tents authority site here as well with www.besthikingtents.com.au.

Choosing A Winter Hiking Boot

As the temperature starts to drop, avoid the risk of cabin fever by getting outside for some winter hikes. When you're well-prepared to tackle cold conditions, hiking in the winter fills your ordinary trails with new opportunities to enjoy spectacular, snow-filled views.

Of course, nothing spoils a beautiful hike faster than numb toes or falling from snow and ice. Avoid these disastrous outdoor fates by planning ahead and selecting the proper footwear for your winter outings. Choosing the best hiking boots for winter weather might seem like a challenge, but if you follow these tips you'll have no trouble picking out a great match for your needs. Don't forget to pair your boot with wool socks, and you're good to go for the season.

When considering your options, make sure you look for added insulation without too much bulk, a rugged outsole for handling any icy terrain and waterproof features to keep feet dry in the snow. Most quality boots share high-tech features designed to challenge the elements. To help you find the best winter boot, here's a breakdown of the top features you'll want to look for:


A boot's insulation is measured in grams, and the higher the number, the warmer the boot. Some boots use Thinsulate, which is a form of insulation that keeps feet dry and warm without adding bulk or weight.


If you'll be navigating icy terrains, a rugged outsole is key. Rubber outsoles will grip to slippery surfaces and help maintain footing on the wintry trails. And you can't go wrong with Vibram soles.


When you're trekking through the snow, it's important that no moisture seeps through to your socks. Find a boot that has a waterproof feature like Gore-Tex lining or nubuck leather to keep toes dry.

A few good brands to try:

Hi-Tec creates winter-friendly footwear that includes the Altitude Snow, with 200 grams of Thinsulate insulation and a nubuck leather construction to keep feet warm and dry on your hike. A compression-molded EVA midsole comforts feet for the long haul, and the boot boasts a hardcore winter-lugged rubber outsole. The Altitude Snow also has an affordable price point, which is a nice bonus.

Rocky manufacturing styles like their Arctic BearClaw boot that cater to winter needs. Equipped with 1400 grams of Thinsulate insulation and a Gore-Tex lining keep the cold and moisture out. This is a pricier option, but the construction of Rocky boots make them built to last at long time.

Katie Frasier is a contributing writer at Hiking Boot News, a blog dedicated to providing the latest hiking boots news, reviews and commentary for the outdoor gear enthusiast.

Hiking Backpack: Choose The Right One

A hiking backpack is very vital in having an enjoyable and hassle free hiking trip. This is because this will contain or carry all the equipments and things that are important for hiking. This is why it is vital that the hiker is able to find the right hiking backpack to use for their outdoor activities. A hiking backpack is not just for hiking; it can also be used for many different activities like picnics, going to the gym, camping and other activities where one will need to carry many items and things. So, how can one choose the right backpack for them? Here are some tips.

First of all, one must keep in mind that there are actually different types of hiking backpacks. So, one must determine the types of activities that one will be doing where the backpack will be used. This will help you know the type and size of backpack that you should purchase. Your height and body built should also be appropriate for the size of the backpack that you will purchase. You should be able to carry the bag comfortably on your back while hiking or getting on with the activities that you will do.

Another thing to consider is the comfort of the bag. Check on its size and weight. It should not add too much weight on what you are about to bring. Choose one that is lightweight and will keep you comfortable all throughout your hiking trip. The straps will also be an important factor to bring you comfort in carrying the bag. The straps should be well fitted onto your shoulders so that you will not have a difficult time in carrying your things. It should also have supporting straps or a belt that can be strapped around your waist to level out the weight of the bag.

There are backpacks for hiking that are affordable. Anybody would like to purchase a cheaper hiking backpack. However, quality should not be sacrificed in replacement for price. Make sure that what you are purchasing is just right for your budget and in good quality. This way, you can be able to use your bag for a very long time. Keep in mind that the bag will be carrying lots of things. It should be able to provide its real purpose and you should make sure that it will not get broken especially when you are already out in your hiking trip.

It is easy to choose a backpack for hiking if you know the right things to consider. You should purchase from a known hiking equipment store so that you know that you are purchasing a product that is made for outdoor activities. Hiking can be a very enjoyable thing to do especially when you do not experience any hassles and problems along the way. Start it right by using the right hiking backpack. This will prevent any problems that you might encounter during your hiking trip.

Find out more info about Best Hiking Tents with my top recommended Camping Tents in Australia and learn more from the Hiking Backpack authority site here as well with www.besthikingtents.com.au.

Great Reasons for Buying Hiking Gaiters

Experienced hikers have known the importance of owning a good quality pair of hiking gaiters since they started hiking, there are plenty of benefits using these gaiters when you are contemplating going on a hiking trip.

The first major benefit is they will stop anything from getting inside you're hiking boots, such as water, snow, sludge, anything that could make your feet wet. Wet feet can cause problems when hiking and is something you need to avoid at all costs, they also can help to keep the heat inside the lower leg which helps to stop your feet getting cold when hiking in snow.

Other benefits they have is they can be used as a ground sheet to keep you're other hiking equipment from being in contact with the ground, you could also use them to cover a tree stump or rock that you intend to use as a seat providing you sit on the inside of the hiking gaiters.

You should also understand that the gaiters should be fixed to you're hiking boots correctly, the should be clipped down on to the laces so that it forms a seal among the boot and your leg. When correctly fitted you should feel from the knee down that it is all one unit, this way you will get maximum protection from you're hiking gaiters.

These gaiters are your main defence against sharp rocks and broken bits of trees, therefore they need to be made from strong materials like leather or tough types of nylon. Most manufactures have taken all these considerations in to account when producing there range of gaiters, so no matter, which pair you purchase they all should be up to this standard.

The last thing you need make sure of before you set of on you're hiking trip is that the hiking gaiters are comfortable to wear, you should have no chaffing areas when walking and everything should feel as one piece with no restriction to you're walking action.

You will the price of these can range from $35 right up to $100 depending on what make and style you want, outdoor research are makers of quality hiking gaiters and there price range is between $40 and $70. These are probably some of the more popular types of gaiters worn by hikers today, with a reasonable price for high quality gaiters make them a firm favourite with hikers.

Knowing which pair is right for you can be a bit daunting, so make sure you read the manufactures information on each type before you decide to buy, this should give you some indication what the particular gaiters are capable of and what materials they are made from.

If you are looking for more information on hiking gaiters then visit us at http://walkingboot.org to learn more, here you can also fhnd information on the popular types of womens hiking boots.

Hiking Tips for Starting a Journal

Anyone who has been on a day hike or backpacking trip will need a way to be able to preserve the memories of the experience. One of the ways to do this is to write about your adventure in a hiking journal. This can be as simple as writing about the places that you have been in a simple notebook or it can be more hi-tech like starting a blog.

A notebook can be used to preserve the memories of your hike. You can find a notebook that is waterproof and tear resistant. What you can include in this hiking journal is the condition of the trail that you have backpacked. You can include the distance that you have covered, as well as the destinations that you have visited. You can also include the weather conditions as well as the GPS coordinates of the locations so that people may be able to visit the exact same spot that you have experienced. What you can also include in the journal is the weight of your backpack, your departure and arrival times, as well as your return date. If you have a hiking partner you can mention who it is. You can also mention the difficulty of the terrain that you have backpacked. The number of things you can write about is only limited by your imagination.

A blog is a great way of sharing your experiences in a way that has the potential to reach millions around the globe. Your blog can include photos as well as videos. It can be as interactive as you want it to be. You can provide visitors to your blog with a chance to leave a comment, ask questions or even make suggestions about how your blog can be improved.

The online hiking journal can be divided into sections. You can have pictures from your backpacking trip on one section, and another part of the blog can include videos. You can have diaries that document specific areas that you have visited. You blog can also have a site map so that visitors are able to navigate the blog easily.

In addition to the activities that you engage in when you are on a nature trail, you can include activities that you perform to prepare your meals. You can even provide hiking tips for people who are new to backpacking. You can include the photos of new friends that you have made while backpacking.

If you are not tech savvy, or you want a simpler way to start a hiking journal, you can just consider a simple notebook that will help you to keep a diary of your backpacking activities. Reading your journal in the future will allow you and others relive the terrific experience. Be sure to get started writing in your hiking journal for your next hike.

You are invited to discover more tips and resources to help you reap the benefits of hiking when you visit http://www.HikingTipsBlog.com.

Hiking Safety

Backpacking and hiking is quickly becoming a popular trend across America. It is both challenging and adventurous. And it appeals to young and old, male and female. It is something virtually anyone can take part in, and there are countless options on how and where to start. Backpacking is a great way to get into shape and have fun at the same time. Whether you are going for a week or for a night, you will have a more relaxed and enjoy your camping vacation if you are well organized and prepared.

If you're a seasoned camper you are probably well aware of the equipment required for your trip, however, few hikers think of self defense as a concern. Kidnapping, abductions, rapes, and violent assaults are common in nationwide media coverage and remind us of the credible threat and need for self defense products in the backcountry.

As you are packing, check your camping equipment and make sure that everything is in good order and you have included some personal defense products such as a defense spray, taser, or a stun gun.

Defense spray also referred to as OC or pepper spray is a very effective inflammatory agent that can easily irritate the eyes and result in pain, temporary blindness, and tears of any potential threat you may encounter either human or animal. Pepper spray is an organic based agent that comes from cayenne peppers. The spray will normally come in canister form, which his often times small enough to be carried in your pocket while hiking to your campsite.

Taser International recently released the latest personal defense device for the general public, the Taser C2. The Taser C2 was specifically designed for the general public to truly feel safe in today's troubled times. TASER products are giving people the power they need to take control and protect themselves. The TASER C2 utilizes the same technology used in TASER International's law enforcement models to effectively stun an assailant up to fifteen feet away.

For all outdoor enthusiasts, safety should be the first consideration and it must be in front of the mind at all times. There can be several hazards in backpacking and a person who does not think about being safe could fall prey. Territorial wildlife is a commonly encountered threat when in the wilderness. Having the ability to think clearly, remain calm, and having a personal defense weapon readily available will decrease the chances of becoming a victim of an attack.

Another consideration in personal safety while in the backcountry is being aware of other people. Popular hiking trails and wilderness areas have been grounds for violent attacks and kidnappings in the past.

As an example in 1974, hikers discovered a grave yard of bones in a Washington forest, later identified as belonging to missing women from both Washington and Utah. Investigators from both states communicated together and came up with a profile and composite sketch of the man named "Ted" who approached women for help, sometimes appearing helpless with a cast on his arm or crutches. This man was later identified as the notorious Ted Bundy.

People backpack for different reasons. Some do it for the great exercise, some because of the adventure and love of nature. Others backpack as a way to learn and explore the outdoors. Whatever the reason, there are large and expanding numbers of backpackers. They explore and they love the wilderness, and have the common goal of a safe backpacking experience which can provide memories that last a lifetime.

Tips for Going Backpacking

Backpacking can be a great experience for any traveller. Taking just the bare minimum with you and living entirely out of your backpack is a daunting, as well as a thrilling prospect. Backpacking can be one of the most amazing adventures in life. Some people think that figuring out what you are going to take with you and planning a trip around a country or even around the world backpacking can help you learn a great deal about yourself.

While you are looking toward what can be the best time of your life, be aware that backpacking comes with some obvious risks; from getting lost to encountering some less than friendly people, so it's important to follow a few basic rules to stay safe during your travels. It's not enough to just choose from the best backpacking tents, grab some clothes and be on your way - use these tips to keep yourself safe and healthy.

1. Use a belt bag. They may not look very trendy, but there is nothing better for keeping your money and important documents safe (and there is nothing worse than losing them!)

2. Carry a first aid kit. Make sure you pack everything from bandages and insect repellent to chapstick and sunscreen. You should pack everything you need to help small cuts and to keep comfortable.

3. Try to travel with somebody. If you have a travelling buddy, great! Otherwise, just sticking to frequented areas or finding somebody going the same places you are and travelling with them is perfect.

4. Let people know your itinerary. Find somebody who you can trust to alert authorities if you don't arrive at your destination on time and let them know where you plan to be. It's difficult to be found if nobody knows where to look.

5. Try to avoid looking like a tourist. Tourists are often the target for pick pockets and thieves. If you look like you know what you are doing, people will tend to leave you alone.

6. Take flip flops. Shared showers can be dirty. You don't want to get any infections through cuts on the feet and a dirty shower. Flip flops are also great for the beach!

7. Keep an eye on your ltggage. Take plenty of padlocks with you so you can secure your luggage if you plan to sleep on a bus or train or want to make sure your belongings stay safe. If a personal locker is available, paying the two dollars for the peace of mind and to make sure nobody steals your things is well worth it.

8. Plastic and zip lock bags can be very useful. Keep a supply with you for food, dirty shoes and clothes.

9. Keep a bottle of clean water with you and make sure you refill it whenever you get the chance. You never know when you might be stuck without a water supply.

10. Keep your trip well planned. Spontaneity is great, but making sure you have a schedule that can be followed and that gives others an idea of your location will keep you safe.

Preparing well for your trip can ensure you stay as safe as possible. Backpacking can be one of the best experiences of your life, so make sure you are ready for it.

Kiwi Camping Co. Ltd. w`s founded in 1987 by Allan Murray who envisioned a company that would create products to serve the unique camping needs of kiwi families and reflect the enchanting nature of the kiwi camping experience.

Today, Kiwi Camping products are distributed nationwide to nearly 50 authorised Kiwi Camping Centres and many more stockists. Kiwi Camping Co. currently operates out of a 3626 square metre premises in Hamilton and are proud to be the only premium tent manufacturers in New Zealand.

We have a great range of camping equipment including backpacking tents & camping furniture.

Hiking the National Parks

Hiking the National Parks

If you're planning your first backpacking trip to a National Park there are a few things to keep in mind before you head out:

1. No two parks are alike. Every National Park has its own rules and regulations for the backcountry. Some parks require bear canisters; some allow you to hang food. Some require designated campsites, some allow off-trail camping.

2. Be prepared. Make a checklist before you go. A few essentials include food, hat, sleeping bag, sunglasses, water purification system and matches.

3. If you are unfamiliar with a park, walking into a ranger station or office can help you figure out where you would be best suited to camp, instead of trying to plan a trip ahead of time. Some parks like Glacier National Park have bear closings and even planned trips may be re-routed.

4. Don't overextend yourself. Once you enter the backcountry, you are on your own. Don't push yourself too hard until you are used to the terrain.

5. Don't depend on GPS units, Personal Locator Beacons (PLBs) or anything else that depends on batteries or weather conditions to work. You should be equipped to handle changes in weather and minor emergencies. If you have a PLB only use it in cases of extreme emergency.

6. Know the terrain and the wildlife you may encounter. Talk to rangers and do research as to how to react in the event of a wildlife encounter. Remember, black bears can climb trees, running marks you as prey, and moose can outrun you.

7. The most common cause of death in the National Parks has to do with water, not wildlife. Beware of river crossings, getting too close to waterfalls, slippery rocks, avalanches and more. Exposure to freezing water temperatures can cause hypothermia in minutes.

8. Hydrate. Drink water no matter what the weather. Even in freezing temperatures your body needs water to stay hydrated.

9. Respect the wilderness. Pack out everything you pack in. Leave your campsite as if no one had been there.

10. Unfortunately dogs are not allowed on trails in National Parks. If you want to camp with your dog, head to a National Forest instead of a National Park. Dogs can harass wildlife and parks are set up to protect the wildlife not pets.

National Parks showcase the natural treasures of our country. Visiting a park may renew your spirit, your enthusiasm for nature and cultivate a love of life and a respect for the connections that ties us together with our surroundings and the animals we share the planet with.

Undiscovered Earth is a resource for Exploration, Environment, and Expression. Undiscovered Earth is a voice for those who love the outdoors, nature and the environment and features profiles environmental news, product reviews and poetry, fiction and essays.

Tips On How To Select A Handheld, Walking, Hiking GPS

Hiking GPS, also termed Walking GPS or Handheld GPS Units help you find your position whilst out and about on your adventures around the globe. They are especially helpful should you be traversing terrain that does not have any distinguishing landmarks or features to aid navigation. There are many GPS devices on the market for hiking and walking with different combinations of physical and functional features. So how do you choose one from amongst all the different makes and models available? Here are some tips to help you choose:

1. Your Skills At Navigation - Consider how you want to use your hiking GPS whilst you are actually travelling around:

    * Use It Occasionally - Do you just want to use a hiking GPS occasionally in order to validate the usual paper map reading and compass navigation work you do or in emergency situations? If so then any cheaper entry-level GPS model will be suitable for you by providing you with a grid reference. Once you transfer your grid reference from the GPS device to the paper map to verify your location you can carry on with your usual manual navigation.

    * Use It Frequently - In contrast, do you want to make use of a GPS device to do all of your navigation during your adventure without referring to a paper map? If this is the case then you will need a more expensive higher end GPS model with the capability to do some degree of digital mapping.

2. Your Organisation Skills - Consider how good your organisation skills are just before you actually go on your outdoor adventure!

    * You Are A Good Organiser - Consider a GPS device that needs to be charged up before you go on your adventure if you are a good enough organiser to make sure it is charged up. Also make sure that the life of the power source is quite a bit longer than the journey you will take. Bear in mind that GPS models that need to be charged usually have a shorter battery*life. If your journey could be longer in time than the life of the power source then because rechargeable power sources cannot usually be removed from the GPS unit they cannot be replaced during your adventure. Carrying a backup battery device like a Power Monkey could be one solution but that means carrying extra equipment. Also, if you need to recharge whilst travelling in wet or windy conditions it could lead to difficulties.

    * You Are Not Very Organised - Using a GPS device that uses standard batteries is advisable if you are not a very good organiser. You can easily replace standard batteries during your outdoor adventure should they run out of power. However, you will need to be organised enough to remember to carry spare batteries during your journeys. Also, purchasing extra spare batteries whilst you are out and about is usually easy as they are commonly stocked products in many countries.

3. Your Hiking Region - Consider the region in which you want to hike!You can get a location from any GPS device anywhere around the globe. However, you need to ensure your GPS device is set up correctly in order to translate your location into a grid format that is correct for the local map and region of your current location. Bear in mind the following points:

    * You Do Not Have Region Mapping - If you have GPS device with digital mapping capability and have not obtained the digital mapping for the region of your current location, then you only see your location on a blank screen.

    * Is Region Mapping Available? - If you want a GPS device with digital mapping then you should ensure that the devices you consider have digital mapping available for the region want to visit.

4. Your Hiking Environment - Consider the type of weather and environmental conditions you will be hiking in! In order to use your hiking handheld GPS effectively, it needs to be of a robust enough design; easy enough to operate; and easy to view the display screen! Take these points into account:

    * Operation - Is the handheld GPS suitable for weather conditions that are cold, wet or windy? Consider the following:

    * Small Buttons - If the handheld GPS has small buttons, they may not be easy to press under good weather conditions. If you are wearing thick gloves due to poor weather conditions, if will be even more difficult to press the buttons.

    * Touch Screen - If the handheld GPS model has a touch screen then it will require the use of either a stylus or your bare fingers. This may be ok to operate under good weather conditions but if you are wearing gloves it may prove to be difficult. If you use your bare fingers they will be exposed to the elements.

    * Changing Batteries - Is it easy enough to change the batteries in poor weather conditions? The use of long life batteries can reduce the frequency of battery changes and reduce the quantity of spare batteries you need to carry. Nevertheless, I always recommend carrying at least one set of battery replacements.

    * Screen Readability - How easy is it to read the display screen? Is it easy to see the fine details of map contours? This will be determined by the size of the display screen and how good your eyesight is. Black and white displays are usually fine but it can be difficult to distinguish different types of information on complex screen displays. Colour screens are better for displaying different types of information on the same screen but they can also prove difficult to see when in direct sunlight. Some of the more modern, advanced models use a "Trans-reflective Colour" display technology which is easier to read in bright sunlight.

    * Waterproof - How waterproof do you need you walking GPS to be? Waterproof ratings are based on the IEC 529 European (ECC) Water Protection Specifications and an IPX number is assigned to the device. A GPS device rated as IPX7 or IPX8 is submersible and is therefore waterproof. IPX8 is the highest but IPX7 is good enough for most hiking situations.To improve waterproofing you can place the walking GPS device in a waterproof Ziploc bag when not using it.

    * Robustness - Is the walking GPS of a rugged, shock-proof design that can withstand the potential knocks it may receive. Robustness or ruggedness of GPS devices does not seem to have a standard for measurement or rating. You can read the specification and reviews on walking GPS but at the end of the day this will be up to your own judgement.

5. Features Tips - The GPS features you need for your hiking adventures is considered a matter of personal preference. However, here are two points worth considering:

    * If you want a GPS device that is easy to carry then choose one that is compact and light in weight.
    * A useful functional feature for hiking is one that gives you a bearing, that is, direction of travel to reach the next waypoint along your route.

6. Your Budget - What is your budget for your hiking GPS? The amount you are ready to part with is likely to depend on extent to which you intend to make use of it. An entry-level handheld hiking GPS which has a black and white display screen without digital mapping can be purchased for about £70. A high-end model which has OS mapping on a colour display screen costs hundred of pounds. If cost is your limiting criteria, purchase the most expensive model within your budget that satisfies your hiking requirements.

Hiking, walking, handheld GPS devices are great tools to aid navigation during your outdoor adventures. They are most useful when you cross regions with no landmarks to assist navigation. How you select a specific GPS model from amongst the wide range and various features available?

As with most purchases your budget is likely to have a big influence on your choice of GPS model. Your choice may be made easier by considering your navigation and organisation skills together with the regions in which you will be hiking. Other factors to think about are your intended hiking environments in terms of: operation, that is, button size, touch screen and battery changing; screen readability; and levels of waterproofing and robustness. A few desirable features you may want are a compact and lightweight design plus a functional feature to provide a bearing, that is, a direction in which to hike.

There are a variety of hiking GPS to choose from. To learn all about the benefits, categories, physical and functional features and some purchasing strategies read my detailed guide on Hiking, Walking, Handheld GPS.

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Preparing for the Worst While Hiking

How often do we plan an outdoor vacation, but we forget to properly prepare for that impromptu side trip into the wilderness, for an overnight stay, or all day excursion? I know it has happened to me when taking that hike to the mountain lake that is just over the ridge and where there will be few people on the trail.

How often are we prepared with enough food, proper clothing or water when we set out on a beautiful day hike? In today's instant society there are plenty of foods to choose from, but we often choose off the shelf protein bars or packaged items to throw into our backpacks. We grab a water bottle or two and off we go for that instant hike into the wilderness.

A little planning goes a long way in preparing for unexpected disasters. Having a check list of the most essential items in your wilderness pack before you leave home will pay dividends when unexpected disasters strike. The following seven items are must have items that will save your life and help make the disaster tolerable:

1) Waterproof matches or windproof butane lighter

2) Extra food and water. The preferable choice would be prepackaged food that just needs hot water.

3) Emergency waterproof shelter (plastic cover).

4) Multipurpose knife

5) Extra clothing (preferably wool or other material that will keep you warm when wet.)

6) Flashlight (plus extra batteries)

7) Emergency first aid kit

All of these items can be purchased at your local shopping center or the internet for a minimal price. The items will last for years in your wilderness pack. and will offer you a great sense of security.

In addition to the seven essential items above are additional items that would be nice to have in your wilderness pack. These items will certainly make your time in the outdoors more enjoyable and just might be life saving:

8) Compass

9) Toilet kit which would include toilet paper

10) Insect repellent

11) Sunburn protection

12) Whistle

13) Fire starter

14) Maps of the area your exploring

15) Sunglasses

You can pack these items in your personal back pack. or you can visit websites that have wilderness packs available for a minimal price. If you are an avid outdoors person you must be prepared for a last minute change in plans. You need to have a pack prepared before you head out the door. Keep the back pack light but keep it packed with these essential items and you will be prepared when a disaster strikes.

http://Safehavensurvival.com focus is to help people in emergency disaster preparedness. Our kits for emergency disaster preparedness are ideal for earthquake preparedness as well as other natural disasters. Preparedness kits, survivor kits and emergency kits for home and car are just some of our products. To complement our survival kits and emergency kits we provide our customers with a wide range of first aid kits. Our long term food storage includes freeze dried food as well as all of the other survival needs that will sustain you during longer emergencies

Tips for Planning a Hike Through the Grand Canyon

Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States is one of the best places on Earth and boast of its incredible natural landscape and never ending chances for adventure travel. The place is one among the top visited US destination. Grand Canyon keeps the guests entertained year round with several fun and adventure activities. The beauty of carved canyons formed from several million years of raging waters from the Colorado River is beyond words. With staggering scenery, whitewater thrills and magical hikes, Grand Canyon tour can surely be once in a life time experience.

Grand Canyon National Park is nearly 446 km long and is about 6000 feet deep at certain places. The famous Colorado River which runs through this area also encouraged the influx of visitors. Besides its spectacular natural views, numerous trails like hiking, rafting and several assisted tours like rim to rim on the Kaibab, horse shoe mesa tour, hermit loop tour, south rim tour, phantom ranch tour, all conducted either by land, air or railway are great break for any type of traveler who is ready for an active adventure. Hiking is the most demanded tour activity here and is the best way to see and experience the park. It opens the gateway to one of the earth's most striking and spectacular landscapes. But hiking here can be more dangerous than most people believe. Depending upon how one prepares and what the Canyon serves up at any particular time, the hiking tours can be a vacation or an ordeal.

Canyons steep drops, soaring summer temperatures, dropping winter temperatures, lack of water and sudden weather shifts accounts for several deaths here. There are no easy trails to the Canyon, as you are hiking in the desert climate, some recommendations and tips will really help for a hassle free and safe return hiking tour.

There are several hiking trails in the Grand Canyon. Some are natural trails while others are created by hikers. The most enjoyable and the safest season for hiking in the Grand Canyons are spring and fall. Hiking in the peak of summer is scary as water sources are few and far between. Even the night radiates relentless heat. Get the weather forecast before the journey starts. For a hiking tour one must be well aware of the route. Day hiking can be safer and enjoyable than an overnight trip. Hikers can also try shuttle routes through the village areas which provide better transportation, hotel, campgrounds and shopping. These shuttle routes also offer spectacular view of Colorado River flowing through the Canyon. Avoid hiking alone, as there are numerous chances of getting panic. Dehydration is another biggest threat for hikers here. Dehydration related concerns are the most common factors leading to death. Carry plenty of water to stay well hydrated at all times. If anyone is not medically fit, the altitude, strenuous climbing and dehydration can make the medical problem worse. So hike intelligently to keep yourself safe.

Hiking the Grand Canyon is very different from most other backpacking experience. But recently the threats are much bit. There are plenty of guided tours that allow one to see the beauty of mountain and canyon. Grand Canyon tour which refreshes the awe inspiring grandeur is truly an experience unlike any other.

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